hate


hate
hate n
1 hatred, abhorrence, detestation, abomination, loathing (see under HATE vb)
Analogous words: *antipathy, aversion: animosity, rancor, hostility, *enmity: despite, contempt, scorn, disdain (see under DESPISE)
Antonyms: love
Contrasted words: affection, *attachment: admiration, respect, esteem, *regard: reverence, veneration (see under REVERE)
2 Hate, hatred are not always interchangeable although they both denote intense, settled dislike for a person or thing that causes one either to avoid him or it scrupulously or to be his or its bitter enemy.
Hate is the preferable term when the emotion is thought of in the abstract as the diametrical opposite of love or when the term is used without reference to particular individuals
{

love you cannot help, and hate you cannot help; but contempt is—for you—the sovereign idiocy— Galsworthy

}
{

it takes a very remarkable poet, like Pope ... to elevate malice into hateDay Lewis

}
In concrete use hate is seldom found outside of poetry except when contrasted with love, also in concrete use; it then denotes the object of one's hate
{

the scum of men, the hate and scourge of God— Marlowe

}
{

a generation whose finest hate had been big business— Paxsori

}
Hatred is the preferable term when the emotion referred to is actually experienced and is therefore personal and individual in character; hate is definable because men are in agreement concerning its distinguishing marks, but hatred escapes exact definition because its implications, other than that of intense dislike, can be gathered only from the context or with reference to its object. Usually it implies in addition one or more such emotions as antipathy, aversion, rancor, vindictiveness, resentment, or fear
{

he had a deep-seated hatred of aristocrats

}
{

a violent hatred of restrictions on his freedom

}
{

a healthy hatred of scoundrels— Carlyle

}
{

his special type of satire had its roots not in hatred but in sympathy. His wrath was an inverted love— Perry

}
{

hatred is the coward's revenge for being intimidated— Shawy

}
Hatred also is often used in reference to its effect on the one who is hated; in such cases the nature of the emotion is not stressed, but its power to harm
{

he sowed doubtful speeches, and reaped plain, unequivocal hatredLamb

}
{

battered by hatred, seared by ridicule— Fleckery

}
In concrete use hatred usually denotes a particular instance (as of obsession by the emotion of hatred or of suffering as a result of another's hatred)
{

given to violent hatreds

}
{

the victim of human hatreds

}
{

a family famous for its hatredsDisraeli

}
{

the human race lives in a welter of organized hatreds and threats of mutual extermination— Russell

}
hate vb Hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe.
Hate, the general term, implies extreme aversion especially as coupled with enmity or malice
{

she did not hate him; she rather despised him, and just suffered himThackeray

}
{

whom we fear more than love, we are not far from hatingRichardson

}
{

he hates Lucy Wales. I don't mean dislike, or find distasteful, or have an aversion for; I mean hateBasso

}
Detest connotes violent or intense antipathy or dislike but usually lacks the active hostility and malevolence associated with hate
{

the mob is a monster I never could abide .... I detest the whole of it, as a mass of ignorance, presumption, malice, and brutality— Smollett

}
{

I mortally detest cards— Fielding

}
Abhor suggests profound, shuddering repugnance
{

swelling from tears and supplications to a scene, of all things abhorred by him the most— Meredith

}
{

Rome had made herself abhorred throughout the world by the violence and avarice of her generals— Froude

}
Abominate suggests strong detestation (as of something ill-omened or shameful)
{

the Egyptians . . . lived only on the fruits of the earth, and abominated flesh eaters— Newton

}
Loathe implies utter disgust or intolerance
{

except when I am listening to their music I loathe the whole race; great stupid, brutal, immoral, sentimental savages— Rose Macaulay

}
The same distinctions in implications and connotations are evident in the derivative nouns hate, hatred (for a distinction between these terms see HATE n 2) detestation, abhorrence, abomination, loathing.
Analogous words: *despise, contemn, scorn, disdain: *disapprove, deprecate
Antonyms: love
Contrasted words: *like, enjoy, relish, fancy, dote: respect, esteem, admire (see under REGARD n)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • hâté — hâté, ée (hâ té, tée) part. passé de hâter. 1°   Qu on fait aller vite. Une civilisation hâtée par des circonstances favorables. •   Les morceaux trop hâtés se pressent dans sa bouche, BOILEAU Lutrin, I. •   L ivoire trop hâté deux fois rompt sur …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • hate — hate·able; hate·ful; hate·ful·ly; hate·ful·ness; hate·less; hate; hate·less·ness; …   English syllables

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